Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the formation, diagnosis, and treatment of tumors in the body.
It is a branch of medicine that deals with the formation, diagnosis, and treatment of tumors in the body. It examines not only cancerous cells but also non-cancerous ones. It is divided into three subdivisions: medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiotherapy oncology.
Drug therapy is used in medical oncology. This method is called chemotherapy, and it is very important for tumor treatment because it is used simultaneously with surgery and radiation therapy. Drug treatment is also used after surgical treatment or in cases where surgical intervention cannot be applied.
Major diseases in the field of medical oncology are:
Surgical oncology involves the removal of the cancerous part by an operation. It is very important to take a piece of the tumor and determine its type.
Radiation oncology refers to the application of radiotherapy treatment. With advanced radiotherapy devices, it is aimed to destroy the tumor without damaging the healthy tissue.
Immunotherapy is one of the types of cancer treatment. It is not a common treatment method. Just as chemical drugs are used in chemotherapy, the body's resistance is tried to be increased with biological support in immunotherapy.
The most common cancer types all over the world are Lung, Breast, Prostate, Stomach and Liver Cancers.
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