Pediatric oncology is a medical specialization that focuses on the treatment and care of children with cancer.
Pediatric oncology is the research and treatment of cancers in children and young adults. Pediatric oncologists study and train in both pediatrics and oncology. The types of cancers that develop in children are often different from cancers that develop in adults.
Cancers that are often seen in children include:
Cancer treatment tends to work better in children than adults. Kids often don't have other conditions along with their cancer, the way some adults do. That means their bodies can handle stronger treatments than grown-ups’ bodies.
Your doctor will ask you about your child's medical history, symptoms, and family history of cancer. Some children are more likely to get cancer if family members have had cancer.
Your doctor may also ask your child to get tests to check for signs of cancer, such as imaging tests like X-rays or MRIs. They may also suggest your child get a "biopsy." In that test, a doctor removes a sample of your child's tissue and sends it to a lab to get checked for cancer cells.
Most cancers can be detected early. But some types of cancer are more difficult to diagnose because their symptoms are similar to other diseases.
Seeing a doctor when you see the following symptoms increases the chances of early detection:
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